Indonesian researchers recommend the use of natural gas for transportation



September 30, 2022. The use of natural gas as an alternative to fossil fuel could be effective in reducing gas emissions by 20 to 25 percent, the National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) researcher Hari Sumartono noted.

He stated that three types of gas commonly used in Indonesia are liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), liquefied natural gas (LNG), and compressed natural gas (CNG).

Taking into account the economic aspects of each commodity, the use of LNG or CNG is more beneficial since the products do not need to be imported to Indonesia, he explained. Meanwhile, the supply of LPG still relies on imports and is being subsidized.

“However, the only hindrance regarding the use of CNG or LNG is inadequate infrastructure,” the researcher stated.

Several advantages of using natural gas include its higher octane number, which can reach more than 320, as compared to gasoline, which can only reach 98. It means that the combustion process run by the engine will be better.

Hence, the researcher expects that the government will encourage the use of natural gas nationally, as it is cheaper, especially for public transport vehicles covering long routes, such as taxis and buses.

“The use of natural gas is cheap, even without being subsidized, meaning that people can get good-quality low-priced product, while the government does not need to provide subsidy. It only requires easy supply access of LNG to the community,” he added.

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